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Serving two masters? State implementation Of Federal Regulatory Policy

Author: NEAL D. WOODS
Published in PAQ, Vol. 32 No. 4

This study examines the extent to which state agencies are influenced by the US Environmental Protection Agency and state political actors in developing and enforcing air quality standards. It discusses four different mechanisms which may provide external actors with greater influence, and then evaluates their effect on state clean air agencies. The results of multivariate analyses suggest that administrative responsibility, non-attainment designation, legal constraints, and intergovernmental financial aid each serve to enhance the influence of state or federal actors on implementing agencies. Administrative responsibility, however, does not affect the balance of policy responsiveness in the expected manner, leading to questions about the relative importance of formal authority in intergovernmental policy implementation.

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